Module

fileutils.rb

Copyright © 2000-2007 Minero Aoki

This program is free software. You can distribute/modify this program under the same terms of ruby.

module FileUtils

Namespace for several file utility methods for copying, moving, removing, etc.

Module Functions

require 'fileutils'

FileUtils.cd(dir, **options)
FileUtils.cd(dir, **options) {|dir| block }
FileUtils.pwd()
FileUtils.mkdir(dir, **options)
FileUtils.mkdir(list, **options)
FileUtils.mkdir_p(dir, **options)
FileUtils.mkdir_p(list, **options)
FileUtils.rmdir(dir, **options)
FileUtils.rmdir(list, **options)
FileUtils.ln(target, link, **options)
FileUtils.ln(targets, dir, **options)
FileUtils.ln_s(target, link, **options)
FileUtils.ln_s(targets, dir, **options)
FileUtils.ln_sf(target, link, **options)
FileUtils.cp(src, dest, **options)
FileUtils.cp(list, dir, **options)
FileUtils.cp_r(src, dest, **options)
FileUtils.cp_r(list, dir, **options)
FileUtils.mv(src, dest, **options)
FileUtils.mv(list, dir, **options)
FileUtils.rm(list, **options)
FileUtils.rm_r(list, **options)
FileUtils.rm_rf(list, **options)
FileUtils.install(src, dest, **options)
FileUtils.chmod(mode, list, **options)
FileUtils.chmod_R(mode, list, **options)
FileUtils.chown(user, group, list, **options)
FileUtils.chown_R(user, group, list, **options)
FileUtils.touch(list, **options)

Possible options are:

:force

forced operation (rewrite files if exist, remove directories if not empty, etc.);

:verbose

print command to be run, in bash syntax, before performing it;

:preserve

preserve object's group, user and modification time on copying;

:noop

no changes are made (usable in combination with :verbose which will print the command to run)

Each method documents the options that it honours. See also ::commands, ::options and ::options_of methods to introspect which command have which options.

All methods that have the concept of a “source” file or directory can take either one file or a list of files in that argument. See the method documentation for examples.

There are some `low level' methods, which do not accept keyword arguments:

FileUtils.copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)
FileUtils.copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
FileUtils.copy_stream(srcstream, deststream)
FileUtils.remove_entry(path, force = false)
FileUtils.remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
FileUtils.remove_file(path, force = false)
FileUtils.compare_file(path_a, path_b)
FileUtils.compare_stream(stream_a, stream_b)
FileUtils.uptodate?(file, cmp_list)

module FileUtils::Verbose

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but it outputs messages before acting. This equates to passing the :verbose flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::NoWrite

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::DryRun

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop and :verbose flags to methods in FileUtils.

Constants
No documentation available
No documentation available

This hash table holds command options.

No documentation available
Class Methods

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the previous working directory after the block execution has finished.

FileUtils.cd('/')  # change directory

FileUtils.cd('/', verbose: true)   # change directory and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # change directory
  # ...               # do something
end                   # return to original directory
An alias for cd

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', verbose: true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', verbose: true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), verbose: true

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', verbose: true
An alias for compare_file

Returns an Array of methods names which have the option opt.

p FileUtils.collect_method(:preserve) #=> ["cp", "cp_r", "copy", "install"]

Returns an Array of names of high-level methods that accept any keyword arguments.

p FileUtils.commands  #=> ["chmod", "cp", "cp_r", "install", ...]

Returns true if the contents of a file a and a file b are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')       #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/dev/null', '/dev/urandom')  #=> false

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, and modified time. Permissions are copied regardless preserve.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to read(n) and dest must respond to write(str).

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', verbose: true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink

Hard link src to dest. If src is a directory, this method links all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, links src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', force: true
FileUtils.cp_lr 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of linking several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_lr %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_lr Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/aamine/lib/ruby', noop: true, verbose: true

# If you want to link all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use the following code.
FileUtils.cp_lr 'src/.', 'dest'  # cp_lr('src', 'dest') makes dest/src, but this doesn't.

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

# Installing Ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', force: true
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/foo/lib/ruby', noop: true, verbose: true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.
An alias for pwd

Returns true if the method mid have an option opt.

p FileUtils.have_option?(:cp, :noop)     #=> true
p FileUtils.have_option?(:rm, :force)    #=> true
p FileUtils.have_option?(:rm, :preserve) #=> false
An alias for compare_file

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', mode: 0755, verbose: true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', verbose: true

Hard links a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method links its contents recursively.

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereferences the tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

In the first form, creates a hard link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', verbose: true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several hard links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.

In the first form, creates a symbolic link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', force: true

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several symbolic links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('/bin/*.rb'), '/home/foo/bin'

Same as

FileUtils.ln_s(*args, force: true)

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w(tmp data)
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', noop: true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', mode: 0700

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if they do not exist.

  • /usr

  • /usr/local

  • /usr/local/lib

  • /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', force: true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/foo/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', noop: true, verbose: true

Returns an Array of option names.

p FileUtils.options  #=> ["noop", "force", "verbose", "preserve", "mode"]

Returns an Array of option names of the method mid.

p FileUtils.options_of(:rm)  #=> ["noop", "verbose", "force"]
::

Returns the name of the current directory.

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also remove_entry_secure.

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of rm_r. rm_r causes security hole when:

  • Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).

  • Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.

  • The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', force: true   # never raises exception

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm(list, force: true)

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r 'some_dir', force: true

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is secure: false.

NOTE: This method calls remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also remove_entry_secure.

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm_r(list, force: true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of rm_r first.

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)
# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.
FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', verbose: true, noop: true

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'

Returns true if new is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or \
    system 'make hello.o'
Instance Methods

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the previous working directory after the block execution has finished.

FileUtils.cd('/')  # change directory

FileUtils.cd('/', verbose: true)   # change directory and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # change directory
  # ...               # do something
end                   # return to original directory
An alias for cd

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', verbose: true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', verbose: true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), verbose: true

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', verbose: true
An alias for compare_file

Returns true if the contents of a file a and a file b are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')       #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/dev/null', '/dev/urandom')  #=> false

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, and modified time. Permissions are copied regardless preserve.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to read(n) and dest must respond to write(str).

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', verbose: true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink

Hard link src to dest. If src is a directory, this method links all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, links src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', force: true
FileUtils.cp_lr 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of linking several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_lr %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_lr Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/aamine/lib/ruby', noop: true, verbose: true

# If you want to link all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use the following code.
FileUtils.cp_lr 'src/.', 'dest'  # cp_lr('src', 'dest') makes dest/src, but this doesn't.

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

# Installing Ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', force: true
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/foo/lib/ruby', noop: true, verbose: true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.
An alias for pwd
An alias for compare_file

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', mode: 0755, verbose: true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', verbose: true

Hard links a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method links its contents recursively.

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereferences the tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

In the first form, creates a hard link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', verbose: true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several hard links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.

In the first form, creates a symbolic link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', force: true

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several symbolic links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('/bin/*.rb'), '/home/foo/bin'

Same as

FileUtils.ln_s(*args, force: true)

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w(tmp data)
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', noop: true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', mode: 0700

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if they do not exist.

  • /usr

  • /usr/local

  • /usr/local/lib

  • /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', force: true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/foo/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', noop: true, verbose: true

Returns the name of the current directory.

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also remove_entry_secure.

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of rm_r. rm_r causes security hole when:

  • Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).

  • Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.

  • The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', force: true   # never raises exception

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm(list, force: true)

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r 'some_dir', force: true

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is secure: false.

NOTE: This method calls remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also remove_entry_secure.

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm_r(list, force: true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of rm_r first.

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)
# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.
FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', verbose: true, noop: true

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'

Returns true if new is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or \
    system 'make hello.o'