Format raw random number as Random does


Constants


No documentation available

Instance Methods


SecureRandom.alphanumeric generates a random alphanumeric string.

The argument n specifies the length, in characters, of the alphanumeric string to be generated.

If n is not specified or is nil, 16 is assumed. It may be larger in the future.

The result may contain A-Z, a-z and 0-9.

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.alphanumeric     #=> "2BuBuLf3WfSKyQbR"
SecureRandom.alphanumeric(10) #=> "i6K93NdqiH"

If a secure random number generator is not available, NotImplementedError is raised.

SecureRandom.base64 generates a random base64 string.

The argument n specifies the length, in bytes, of the random number to be generated. The length of the result string is about 4/3 of n.

If n is not specified or is nil, 16 is assumed. It may be larger in the future.

The result may contain A-Z, a-z, 0-9, “+”, “/” and “=”.

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.base64 #=> "/2BuBuLf3+WfSKyQbRcc/A=="
SecureRandom.base64 #=> "6BbW0pxO0YENxn38HMUbcQ=="

If a secure random number generator is not available, NotImplementedError is raised.

See RFC 3548 for the definition of base64.

SecureRandom.choose generates a string that randomly draws from a source array of characters.

The argument source specifies the array of characters from which to generate the string. The argument n specifies the length, in characters, of the string to be generated.

The result may contain whatever characters are in the source array.

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.choose([*'l'..'r'], 16) #=> "lmrqpoonmmlqlron"
SecureRandom.choose([*'0'..'9'], 5)  #=> "27309"

If a secure random number generator is not available, NotImplementedError is raised.

No documentation available

SecureRandom.hex generates a random hexadecimal string.

The argument n specifies the length, in bytes, of the random number to be generated. The length of the resulting hexadecimal string is twice of n.

If n is not specified or is nil, 16 is assumed. It may be larger in the future.

The result may contain 0-9 and a-f.

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.hex #=> "eb693ec8252cd630102fd0d0fb7c3485"
SecureRandom.hex #=> "91dc3bfb4de5b11d029d376634589b61"

If a secure random number generator is not available, NotImplementedError is raised.

SecureRandom.random_bytes generates a random binary string.

The argument n specifies the length of the result string.

If n is not specified or is nil, 16 is assumed. It may be larger in future.

The result may contain any byte: “x00” - “xff”.

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.random_bytes #=> "\xD8\\\xE0\xF4\r\xB2\xFC*WM\xFF\x83\x18\xF45\xB6"
SecureRandom.random_bytes #=> "m\xDC\xFC/\a\x00Uf\xB2\xB2P\xBD\xFF6S\x97"

If a secure random number generator is not available, NotImplementedError is raised.

Generates formatted random number from raw random bytes. See Random#rand.

SecureRandom.urlsafe_base64 generates a random URL-safe base64 string.

The argument n specifies the length, in bytes, of the random number to be generated. The length of the result string is about 4/3 of n.

If n is not specified or is nil, 16 is assumed. It may be larger in the future.

The boolean argument padding specifies the padding. If it is false or nil, padding is not generated. Otherwise padding is generated. By default, padding is not generated because “=” may be used as a URL delimiter.

The result may contain A-Z, a-z, 0-9, “-” and “_”. “=” is also used if padding is true.

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.urlsafe_base64 #=> "b4GOKm4pOYU_-BOXcrUGDg"
SecureRandom.urlsafe_base64 #=> "UZLdOkzop70Ddx-IJR0ABg"

SecureRandom.urlsafe_base64(nil, true) #=> "i0XQ-7gglIsHGV2_BNPrdQ=="
SecureRandom.urlsafe_base64(nil, true) #=> "-M8rLhr7JEpJlqFGUMmOxg=="

If a secure random number generator is not available, NotImplementedError is raised.

See RFC 3548 for the definition of URL-safe base64.

SecureRandom.uuid generates a random v4 UUID (Universally Unique IDentifier).

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.uuid #=> "2d931510-d99f-494a-8c67-87feb05e1594"
SecureRandom.uuid #=> "bad85eb9-0713-4da7-8d36-07a8e4b00eab"
SecureRandom.uuid #=> "62936e70-1815-439b-bf89-8492855a7e6b"

The version 4 UUID is purely random (except the version). It doesn't contain meaningful information such as MAC addresses, timestamps, etc.

The result contains 122 random bits (15.25 random bytes).

See RFC 4122 for details of UUID.