The HTTPHeader module defines methods for reading and writing HTTP headers.

It is used as a mixin by other classes, to provide hash-like access to HTTP header values. Unlike raw hash access, HTTPHeader provides access via case-insensitive keys. It also provides methods for accessing commonly-used HTTP header values in more convenient formats.


Instance Methods


Returns the header field corresponding to the case-insensitive key. For example, a key of “Content-Type” might return “text/html”

Sets the header field corresponding to the case-insensitive key.

Ruby 1.8.3

Adds a value to a named header field, instead of replacing its value. Second argument val must be a String. See also []=, [] and get_fields.

request.add_field 'X-My-Header', 'a'
p request['X-My-Header']              #=> "a"
p request.get_fields('X-My-Header')   #=> ["a"]
request.add_field 'X-My-Header', 'b'
p request['X-My-Header']              #=> "a, b"
p request.get_fields('X-My-Header')   #=> ["a", "b"]
request.add_field 'X-My-Header', 'c'
p request['X-My-Header']              #=> "a, b, c"
p request.get_fields('X-My-Header')   #=> ["a", "b", "c"]
No documentation available

Set the Authorization: header for “Basic” authorization.

No documentation available
An alias for each_capitalized
No documentation available

Returns “true” if the “transfer-encoding” header is present and set to “chunked”. This is an HTTP/1.1 feature, allowing the content to be sent in “chunks” without at the outset stating the entire content length.

No documentation available
No documentation available

Returns an Integer object which represents the HTTP Content-Length: header field, or nil if that field was not provided.

No documentation available

Returns a Range object which represents the value of the Content-Range: header field. For a partial entity body, this indicates where this fragment fits inside the full entity body, as range of byte offsets.

Returns a content type string such as “text/html”. This method returns nil if Content-Type: header field does not exist.

Removes a header field, specified by case-insensitive key.

An alias for each_header

As for each_header, except the keys are provided in capitalized form.

Note that header names are capitalized systematically; capitalization may not match that used by the remote HTTP server in its response.

Returns an enumerator if no block is given.

Iterates through the header names in the header, passing capitalized header names to the code block.

Note that header names are capitalized systematically; capitalization may not match that used by the remote HTTP server in its response.

Returns an enumerator if no block is given.

Iterates through the header names and values, passing in the name and value to the code block supplied.

Returns an enumerator if no block is given.

Example:

response.header.each_header {|key,value| puts "#{key} = #{value}" }
An alias for each_name

Iterates through the header names in the header, passing each header name to the code block.

Returns an enumerator if no block is given.

Iterates through header values, passing each value to the code block.

Returns an enumerator if no block is given.

Returns the header field corresponding to the case-insensitive key. Returns the default value args, or the result of the block, or raises an IndexError if there's no header field named key See Hash#fetch

Ruby 1.8.3

Returns an array of header field strings corresponding to the case-insensitive key. This method allows you to get duplicated header fields without any processing. See also [].

p response.get_fields('Set-Cookie')
  #=> ["session=al98axx; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23",
       "query=rubyscript; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23"]
p response['Set-Cookie']
  #=> "session=al98axx; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23, query=rubyscript; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23"
No documentation available

true if key header exists.

Returns a content type string such as “text”. This method returns nil if Content-Type: header field does not exist.

Set Proxy-Authorization: header for “Basic” authorization.

Returns an Array of Range objects which represent the Range: HTTP header field, or nil if there is no such header.

An alias for set_range

The length of the range represented in Content-Range: header.

Sets the content type in an HTTP header. The type should be a full HTTP content type, e.g. “text/html”. The params are an optional Hash of parameters to add after the content type, e.g. {'charset' => 'iso-8859-1'}

No documentation available

Set an HTML form data set. params is the form data set; it is an Array of Arrays or a Hash +enctype is the type to encode the form data set. It is application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data. formopt is an optional hash to specify the detail.

boundary

the boundary of the multipart message

charset

the charset of the message. All names and the values of non-file fields are encoded as the charset.

Each item of params is an array and contains following items:

name

the name of the field

value

the value of the field, it should be a String or a File

opt

an optional hash to specify additional information

Each item is a file field or a normal field. If value is a File object or the opt have a filename key, the item is treated as a file field.

If Transfer-Encoding is set as chunked, this send the request in chunked encoding. Because chunked encoding is HTTP/1.1 feature, you must confirm the server to support HTTP/1.1 before sending it.

Example:

http.set_form([["q", "ruby"], ["lang", "en"]])

See also RFC 2388, RFC 2616, HTML 4.01, and HTML5

Set header fields and a body from HTML form data. params should be an Array of Arrays or a Hash containing HTML form data. Optional argument sep means data record separator.

Values are URL encoded as necessary and the content-type is set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded

Example:

http.form_data = {"q" => "ruby", "lang" => "en"}
http.form_data = {"q" => ["ruby", "perl"], "lang" => "en"}
http.set_form_data({"q" => "ruby", "lang" => "en"}, ';')

Sets the HTTP Range: header. Accepts either a Range object as a single argument, or a beginning index and a length from that index. Example:

req.range = (0..1023)
req.set_range 0, 1023

Returns a content type string such as “html”. This method returns nil if Content-Type: header field does not exist or sub-type is not given (e.g. “Content-Type: text”).

Returns a Hash consisting of header names and array of values. e.g. {“cache-control” => [“private”],

"content-type" => ["text/html"],
"date" => ["Wed, 22 Jun 2005 22:11:50 GMT"]}

Any parameters specified for the content type, returned as a Hash. For example, a header of Content-Type: text/html; charset=EUC-JP would result in type_params returning {'charset' => 'EUC-JP'}