A CSV::Row is part Array and part Hash. It retains an order for the fields and allows duplicates just as an Array would, but also allows you to access fields by name just as you could if they were in a Hash.

All rows returned by CSV will be constructed from this class, if header row processing is activated.


Class Methods


Constructs a new CSV::Row from headers and fields, which are expected to be Arrays. If one Array is shorter than the other, it will be padded with nil objects.

The optional header_row parameter can be set to true to indicate, via CSV::Row.header_row?() and CSV::Row.field_row?(), that this is a header row. Otherwise, the row assumes to be a field row.

A CSV::Row object supports the following Array methods through delegation:

  • empty?()

  • length()

  • size()

Instance Methods


Adds a field to self; returns self:

If the argument is a 2-element Array [header, value], a field is added with the given header and value:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row << ['NAME', 'Bat']
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo" "Name":"Bar" "Name":"Baz" "NAME":"Bat">

If the argument is a Hash, each key-value pair is added as a field with header key and value value.

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row << {NAME: 'Bat', name: 'Bam'}
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo" "Name":"Bar" "Name":"Baz" NAME:"Bat" name:"Bam">

Otherwise, the given value is added as a field with no header.

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row << 'Bag'
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo" "Name":"Bar" "Name":"Baz" nil:"Bag">

Returns true if this row contains the same headers and fields in the same order as other.

Assigns the field value for the given index or header; returns value.


Assign field value by Integer index:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row[0] = 'Bat'
row[1] = 3
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Bat" "Value":3>

Counts backward from the last column if index is negative:

row[-1] = 4
row[-2] = 'Bam'
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Bam" "Value":4>

Extends the row with nil:nil if positive index is not in the row:

row[4] = 5
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"bad" "Value":4 nil:nil nil:nil nil:5>

Raises IndexError if negative index is too small (too far from zero).


Assign field value by header (first found):

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row['Name'] = 'Bat'
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Bat" "Name":"Bar" "Name":"Baz">

Assign field value by header, ignoring offset leading fields:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row['Name', 2] = 4
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo" "Name":"Bar" "Name":4>

Append new field by (new) header:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row['New'] = 6
row# => #<CSV::Row "Name":"foo" "Value":"0" "New":6>

Removes a specified field from self; returns the 2-element Array [header, value] if the field exists.

If an Integer argument index is given, removes and returns the field at offset index, or returns nil if the field does not exist:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.delete(1) # => ["Name", "Bar"]
row.delete(50) # => nil

Otherwise, if the single argument header is given, removes and returns the first-found field with the given header, of returns a new empty Array if the field does not exist:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.delete('Name') # => ["Name", "Foo"]
row.delete('NAME') # => []

If argument header and Integer argument offset are given, removes and returns the first-found field with the given header whose index is at least as large as offset:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.delete('Name', 1) # => ["Name", "Bar"]
row.delete('NAME', 1) # => []

Removes fields from self as selected by the block; returns self.

Removes each field for which the block returns a truthy value:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.delete_if {|header, value| value.start_with?('B') } # => true
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo">
row.delete_if {|header, value| header.start_with?('B') } # => false

If no block is given, returns a new Enumerator:

row.delete_if # => #<Enumerator: #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo">:delete_if>

Finds and returns the object in nested object that is specified by index_or_header and specifiers.

The nested objects may be instances of various classes. See Dig Methods.

Examples:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.dig(1) # => "0"
row.dig('Value') # => "0"
row.dig(5) # => nil

Yields each pair of the row as header and field tuples (much like iterating over a Hash). This method returns the row for chaining.

If no block is given, an Enumerator is returned.

Support for Enumerable.

An alias for each

Returns the field value as specified by header.


With the single argument header, returns the field value for that header (first found):

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.fetch('Name') # => "Foo"

Raises exception KeyError if the header does not exist.


With arguments header and default given, returns the field value for the header (first found) if the header exists, otherwise returns default:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.fetch('Name', '') # => "Foo"
row.fetch(:nosuch, '') # => ""

With argument header and a block given, returns the field value for the header (first found) if the header exists; otherwise calls the block and returns its return value:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.fetch('Name') {|header| fail 'Cannot happen' } # => "Foo"
row.fetch(:nosuch) {|header| "Header '#{header} not found'" } # => "Header 'nosuch not found'"

Returns the field value for the given index or header.


Fetch field value by Integer index:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.field(0) # => "foo"
row.field(1) # => "bar"

Counts backward from the last column if index is negative:

row.field(-1) # => "0"
row.field(-2) # => "foo"

Returns nil if index is out of range:

row.field(2) # => nil
row.field(-3) # => nil

Fetch field value by header (first found):

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.field('Name') # => "Foo"

Fetch field value by header, ignoring offset leading fields:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.field('Name', 2) # => "Baz"

Returns nil if the header does not exist.

Returns true if data matches a field in this row, and false otherwise.

Returns true if this is a field row, false otherwise.

Returns field values per the given specifiers, which may be any mixture of:

  • Integer index.

  • Range of Integer indexes.

  • 2-element Array containing a header and offset.

  • Header.

  • Range of headers.

For specifier in one of the first four cases above, returns the result of self.field(specifier); see field.

Although there may be any number of specifiers, the examples here will illustrate one at a time.

When the specifier is an Integer index, returns self.field(index)L

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.fields(1) # => ["Bar"]

When the specifier is a Range of Integers range, returns self.field(range):

row.fields(1..2) # => ["Bar", "Baz"]

When the specifier is a 2-element Array array, returns self.field(array)L

row.fields('Name', 1) # => ["Foo", "Bar"]

When the specifier is a header header, returns self.field(header)L

row.fields('Name') # => ["Foo"]

When the specifier is a Range of headers range, forms a new Range new_range from the indexes of range.start and range.end, and returns self.field(new_range):

source = "Name,NAME,name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.fields('Name'..'NAME') # => ["Foo", "Bar"]

Returns all fields if no argument given:

row.fields # => ["Foo", "Bar", "Baz"]

Returns true if there is a field with the given header, false otherwise.

An alias for has_key?

Returns true if this is a header row, false otherwise.

Returns the headers for this row:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table.first
row.headers # => ["Name", "Value"]
An alias for has_key?

This method will return the index of a field with the provided header. The offset can be used to locate duplicate header names, as described in CSV::Row.field().

No documentation available

Returns an ASCII-compatible String showing:

  • Class CSV::Row.

  • Header-value pairs.

Example:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.inspect # => "#<CSV::Row \"Name\":\"foo\" \"Value\":\"0\">"
An alias for has_key?
An alias for has_key?

Appends each of the given values to self as a field; returns self:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.push('Bat', 'Bam')
row # => #<CSV::Row "Name":"Foo" "Name":"Bar" "Name":"Baz" nil:"Bat" nil:"Bam">

Returns the row as a CSV String. Headers are not included:

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.to_csv # => "foo,0\n"

Returns the new Hash formed by adding each header-value pair in self as a key-value pair in the Hash.

source = "Name,Value\nfoo,0\nbar,1\nbaz,2\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.to_h # => {"Name"=>"foo", "Value"=>"0"}

Header order is preserved, but repeated headers are ignored:

source = "Name,Name,Name\nFoo,Bar,Baz\n"
table = CSV.parse(source, headers: true)
row = table[0]
row.to_h # => {"Name"=>"Foo"}
An alias for to_h
An alias for to_csv