Module

The Base64 module provides for the encoding (encode64, strict_encode64, urlsafe_encode64) and decoding (decode64, strict_decode64, urlsafe_decode64) of binary data using a Base64 representation.

Example

A simple encoding and decoding.

require "base64"

enc   = Base64.encode64('Send reinforcements')
                    # -> "U2VuZCByZWluZm9yY2VtZW50cw==\n"
plain = Base64.decode64(enc)
                    # -> "Send reinforcements"

The purpose of using base64 to encode data is that it translates any binary data into purely printable characters.


Instance Methods


Returns the Base64-decoded version of str. This method complies with RFC 2045. Characters outside the base alphabet are ignored.

require 'base64'
str = 'VGhpcyBpcyBsaW5lIG9uZQpUaGlzIG' +
      'lzIGxpbmUgdHdvClRoaXMgaXMgbGlu' +
      'ZSB0aHJlZQpBbmQgc28gb24uLi4K'
puts Base64.decode64(str)

Generates:

This is line one
This is line two
This is line three
And so on...

Returns the Base64-encoded version of bin. This method complies with RFC 2045. Line feeds are added to every 60 encoded characters.

require 'base64'
Base64.encode64("Now is the time for all good coders\nto learn Ruby")

Generates:

Tm93IGlzIHRoZSB0aW1lIGZvciBhbGwgZ29vZCBjb2RlcnMKdG8gbGVhcm4g
UnVieQ==

Returns the Base64-decoded version of str. This method complies with RFC 4648. ArgumentError is raised if str is incorrectly padded or contains non-alphabet characters. Note that CR or LF are also rejected.

Returns the Base64-encoded version of bin. This method complies with RFC 4648. No line feeds are added.

Returns the Base64-decoded version of str. This method complies with “Base 64 Encoding with URL and Filename Safe Alphabet'' in RFC 4648. The alphabet uses '-' instead of '+' and '_' instead of '/'.

The padding character is optional. This method accepts both correctly-padded and unpadded input. Note that it still rejects incorrectly-padded input.

Returns the Base64-encoded version of bin. This method complies with “Base 64 Encoding with URL and Filename Safe Alphabet'' in RFC 4648. The alphabet uses '-' instead of '+' and '_' instead of '/'. Note that the result can still contain '='. You can remove the padding by setting padding as false.